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Overview

Components and options for laying out your Bootstrap project, including wrapping containers, a powerful grid system, a flexible media object, and responsive utility classes.

Containers

Containers are the most basic layout element in Bootstrap and are required when using our default grid system. Choose from a responsive, fixed-width container (meaning its max-width changes at each breakpoint) or fluid-width (meaning it’s 100% wide all the time).

While containers can be nested, most layouts do not require a nested container.

<div class="container">
  <!-- Content here -->
</div>

Use .container-fluid for a full width container, spanning the entire width of the viewport.

<div class="container-fluid">
  ...
</div>

Responsive breakpoints

Since Bootstrap is developed to be mobile first, we use a handful of media queries to create sensible breakpoints for our layouts and interfaces. These breakpoints are mostly based on minimum viewport widths and allow us to scale up elements as the viewport changes.

Bootstrap primarily uses the following media query ranges—or breakpoints—in our source Sass files for our layout, grid system, and components.

// Extra small devices (portrait phones, less than 576px)
// No media query since this is the default in Bootstrap

// Small devices (landscape phones, 576px and up)
@media (min-width: 576px) { ... }

// Medium devices (tablets, 768px and up)
@media (min-width: 768px) { ... }

// Large devices (desktops, 992px and up)
@media (min-width: 992px) { ... }

// Extra large devices (large desktops, 1200px and up)
@media (min-width: 1200px) { ... }

Since we write our source CSS in Sass, all our media queries are available via Sass mixins:

@include media-breakpoint-up(xs) { ... }
@include media-breakpoint-up(sm) { ... }
@include media-breakpoint-up(md) { ... }
@include media-breakpoint-up(lg) { ... }
@include media-breakpoint-up(xl) { ... }

// Example usage:
@include media-breakpoint-up(sm) {
  .some-class {
    display: block;
  }
}

We occasionally use media queries that go in the other direction (the given screen size or smaller):

// Extra small devices (portrait phones, less than 576px)
@media (max-width: 575.98px) { ... }

// Small devices (landscape phones, less than 768px)
@media (max-width: 767.98px) { ... }

// Medium devices (tablets, less than 992px)
@media (max-width: 991.98px) { ... }

// Large devices (desktops, less than 1200px)
@media (max-width: 1199.98px) { ... }

// Extra large devices (large desktops)
// No media query since the extra-large breakpoint has no upper bound on its width

Note that since browsers do not currently support range context queries, we work around the limitations of min- and max- prefixes and viewports with fractional widths (which can occur under certain conditions on high-dpi devices, for instance) by using values with higher precision for these comparisons.

Once again, these media queries are also available via Sass mixins:

@include media-breakpoint-down(xs) { ... }
@include media-breakpoint-down(sm) { ... }
@include media-breakpoint-down(md) { ... }
@include media-breakpoint-down(lg) { ... }

There are also media queries and mixins for targeting a single segment of screen sizes using the minimum and maximum breakpoint widths.

// Extra small devices (portrait phones, less than 576px)
@media (max-width: 575.98px) { ... }

// Small devices (landscape phones, 576px and up)
@media (min-width: 576px) and (max-width: 767.98px) { ... }

// Medium devices (tablets, 768px and up)
@media (min-width: 768px) and (max-width: 991.98px) { ... }

// Large devices (desktops, 992px and up)
@media (min-width: 992px) and (max-width: 1199.98px) { ... }

// Extra large devices (large desktops, 1200px and up)
@media (min-width: 1200px) { ... }

These media queries are also available via Sass mixins:

@include media-breakpoint-only(xs) { ... }
@include media-breakpoint-only(sm) { ... }
@include media-breakpoint-only(md) { ... }
@include media-breakpoint-only(lg) { ... }
@include media-breakpoint-only(xl) { ... }

Similarly, media queries may span multiple breakpoint widths:

// Example
// Apply styles starting from medium devices and up to extra large devices
@media (min-width: 768px) and (max-width: 1199.98px) { ... }

The Sass mixin for targeting the same screen size range would be:

@include media-breakpoint-between(md, xl) { ... }

Z-index

Several Bootstrap components utilize z-index, the CSS property that helps control layout by providing a third axis to arrange content. We utilize a default z-index scale in Bootstrap that’s been designed to properly layer navigation, tooltips and popovers, modals, and more.

These higher values start at an arbitrary number, high and specific enough to ideally avoid conflicts. We need a standard set of these across our layered components—tooltips, popovers, navbars, dropdowns, modals—so we can be reasonably consistent in the behaviors. There’s no reason we couldn’t have used 100+ or 500+.

We don’t encourage customization of these individual values; should you change one, you likely need to change them all.

$zindex-dropdown:          1000 !default;
$zindex-sticky:            1020 !default;
$zindex-fixed:             1030 !default;
$zindex-modal-backdrop:    1040 !default;
$zindex-modal:             1050 !default;
$zindex-popover:           1060 !default;
$zindex-tooltip:           1070 !default;

To handle overlapping borders within components (e.g., buttons and inputs in input groups), we use low single digit z-index values of 1, 2, and 3 for default, hover, and active states. On hover/focus/active, we bring a particular element to the forefront with a higher z-index value to show their border over the sibling elements.

Standard layout

Standard layout comes with following components: Header, Footer, Sidebar, Main & Aside Menu.

APP HEADER
SIDEBAR

nav-item
nav-item
nav-item
nav-item
MAIN
ASIDE MENU
APP FOOTER
<body class="app sidebar-show aside-menu-show">
  <header class="app-header navbar">
    <!-- Header content here -->
  </header>
  <div class="app-body">
    <div class="sidebar">
      <!-- Sidebar content here -->
    </div>
    <main class="main">
      <!-- Main content here -->
    </main>
    <aside class="aside-menu">
      <!-- Aside menu content here -->
    </aside>
  </div>
  <footer class="app-footer">
    <!-- Footer content here -->
  </footer>
</body>

Header options

Fixed position

Position the header element at the top of the viewport, from edge to edge. You have to add .header-fixed to body tag.

<body class="app header-fixed">
  <!-- Body content here -->
</body>

Our template comes with some sidebar options which you can activate in your application

Minimized sidebar

Minimized sidebar has 50px width and only icons are visible. You can change minimized sidebar width in SCSS Files.

APP HEADER
SIDEBAR





MAIN
APP FOOTER
<body class="app sidebar-minimized sidebar-show">
  <header class="app-header navbar">
    <!-- Header content here -->
  </header>
  <div class="app-body">
    <div class="sidebar">
      <!-- Sidebar content here -->
    </div>
    <main class="main">
      <!-- Main content here -->
    </main>
  </div>
  <footer class="app-footer">
    <!-- Footer content here -->
  </footer>
</body>

Compact sidebar

Compact sidebar has 150px width. You can change compact sidebar width in SCSS Files.

APP HEADER
SIDEBAR


nav-item


nav-item


nav-item


nav-item

MAIN
APP FOOTER
<body class="app sidebar-compact sidebar-show">
  <!-- Body content here -->
</body>

Hidden sidebar

If you want to hide sidebar you have to add .sidebar-hidden class to body element

APP HEADER
MAIN
APP FOOTER
<body class="app">
  <header class="app-header navbar">
    <!-- Header content here -->
  </header>
  <div class="app-body">
    <div class="sidebar">
      <!-- Sidebar content here -->
    </div>
    <main class="main">
      <!-- Main content here -->
    </main>
  </div>
  <footer class="app-footer">
    <!-- Footer content here -->
  </footer>
</body>

Fixed position

Position the sidebar element at the left of the viewport, from edge to edge. You have to add .sidebar-fixed to body tag.

<body class="app sidebar-show sidebar-fixed">
  <!-- Body content here -->
</body>

Aside menu options

Our template comes with some aside menu options which you can activate in your application

Hidden aside menu

If you want to hide aside menu you have to add .aside-menu-hidden class to body element

APP HEADER
SIDEBAR

nav-item
nav-item
nav-item
nav-item
MAIN
APP FOOTER
<body class="app sidebar-show">
  <header class="app-header navbar">
    <!-- Header content here -->
  </header>
  <div class="app-body">
    <div class="sidebar">
      <!-- Sidebar content here -->
    </div>
    <main class="main">
      <!-- Main content here -->
    </main>
    <aside class="aside-menu">
      <!-- Aside menu content here -->
    </aside>
  </div>
  <footer class="app-footer">
    <!-- Footer content here -->
  </footer>
</body>

Fixed position

Position the aside meni element at the right of the viewport, from edge to edge. You have to add .aside-menu-fixed to body tag.

<body class="app aside-menu-show aside-menu-fixed">
  <!-- Body content here -->
</body>

Fixed position

Position the footer element at the top of the viewport, from edge to edge. You have to add .footer-fixed to body tag.

<body class="app footer-fixed">
  <!-- Body content here -->
</body>